Sorting Algorithm - Selection sort Implementation

Today I am going to show the way to implement the Selection Sort algorithm.

Selection sort

The algorithm will divide the array into a sorted and unsorted partition. By traverse, the array looks for the largest element in the unsorted partition, and then swap it with the last element in the unsorted partition. Swapped elements will be its correct sorted partition.

Selection Sort

Implementation

Ascending

  • Init the lastUnsortedIndex (last index of an unsorted partition)

  • Init the largestUnsortedIndex (index of the largest element in the unsorted partition). The initial value equals 0.

  • In a descending loop from the lastUnsortedIndex til 0, we set the initial value of largestUnsortedIndex is 0, then we start another ascending loop from 1 to lastUnsortedIndex.

Then we compare the value of current index vs the value of largestUnsortedIndex.

  • If the value of current index greater than the value of largestUnsortedIndex, then the largestUnsortedIndex = current index

When the ascending loop ends, we swap the value of largestUnsortedIndex with the value of lastUnsortedIndex.

  • The algorithm ends when lastUnsortedIndex = 0.
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for (int lastUnsortedIndex = arr.length -1 ; lastUnsortedIndex > 0; lastUnsortedIndex--) {
int largestUnsortedIndex = 0;

for (int j = 1; j <= lastUnsortedIndex; j++) {
if (arr[j] > arr[largestUnsortedIndex]) {
largestUnsortedIndex = j;
}
}

swap(arr, largestUnsortedIndex, lastUnsortedIndex);
}

System.out.println("Ascending Selection sort: ");
print(arr);

Descending

  • Init the firstUnsortedIndex (first index of unsorted partition - means 0)

  • Init the largestUnsortedIndex (index of the largest element in the unsorted partition).

  • In a ascending loop from the firstUnsortedIndex to length of array, we set the initial value of largestUnsortedIndex equals firstUnsortedIndex, then we start another ascending loop from next element of firstUnsortedIndex (firstUnsortedIndex + 1) to length of array.

Then we compare the value of current index vs the value of largestUnsortedIndex.

  • If the value of current index greater than the value of largestUnsortedIndex, then the largestUnsortedIndex = current index

When the ascending loop ends, we swap the value of largestUnsortedIndex with the value of firstUnsortedIndex.

  • The algorithm ends when firstUnsortedIndex = length of array.
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for (int firstUnsortedIndex = 0; firstUnsortedIndex < arr.length; firstUnsortedIndex++) {
int largestUnsortedIndex = firstUnsortedIndex;

for (int j = firstUnsortedIndex+ 1; j < arr.length; j++) {
if (arr[j] > arr[largestUnsortedIndex]) {
largestUnsortedIndex = j;
}
}

swap(arr, largestUnsortedIndex, firstUnsortedIndex);
}

System.out.println("Descending Selection sort: ");
print(arr);